The appealing factors of P2P Lending and Crowdinvesting platforms

P2P (Peer to Peer Lending) and Crowdfunding/Crowdinvesting are “alternative” investing vehicles. Their widespread success and popularity in the last 5-10 years derives from several factors:

1) Strong development of the Fintech sector

2) Current technology and regulations allow and facilitate the development of innovative financial services

3) The sub-prime financial crisis back in 2007/2008 created interest in alternative and/or complementary investments models (beside the stock market).

4) Younger generations of investors are looking for innovative and alternative sources of passive income  

5) The technology enables even small deposits  (10, 50 or 100 EUR)

In relation to P2P lending and Crowdfunding, both models present platforms that raise funding for individuals or businesses in exchange for interest payments or equity shares. In both cases money is provided by investors (directly or through local financial providers) to recipients who need the capital. In both cases, investors are looking for returns.

  • Crowdfunding/Crowdinvesting:
    • It gives investors an equity stake in the project
    • the investors literally take ownership of part or all of the project. There is often a strong interest in the type of project
    • Because crowdfunding is an equity investment, the returns are often open-ended. If the project or business in question thrives, the investors benefit as they own shares. Similarly, if the project fails, they may lose their capital. This is the nature of equity investing. The returns are performance related
    • It lasts as long as the investor holds shares: it can be forever, or until they chose to exit and sell the shares

  • Peer-to-peer lending (P2P):
    • It is a loan; the money will be repaid by the borrower, plus interest, but no shares are involved in the deal
    • The commercial activities of the borrower are often irrelevant, so long the loan is repaid
    • It  is a loan with a fixed-rate of return
    • Peer-to-peer tends to be for a finite period, usually one to five years. Once the loan is repaid, the relationship ends

 

Both methods complement more classic investments like the Real Estate and the Stock Market. For more information on similar platforms, visit my Investing Platforms page  where I share details and reviews of the investing platforms I am currently using. 

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